AfricaWhy are African countries poor?
Domination is not a plant that can grow extensively. The greatest concentration of both was in the eastern
Mediterranean Sea – so the first major settlements appeared there and civilization was born there.
Losing a stable source of food, Africans had to spend more time to buy it, with less time for handicrafts and the emergence of specialized enterprises related to food production, respectively. There was no chance.
The lack of herd animals actually blocked the development of land transport – the Africans covered the walking distance and carried all the cargo on their own.
And the African continent has a different shape – unlike Eurasia, which extends horizontally, Africa extends vertically. As a result, plants, animals, and skills created at one place in Europe can easily be transferred to other regions where similar climatic conditions existed. This was extremely difficult in Africa (as well as in the US) because the climates and geographical conditions vary greatly in the regions, and you yourself know that the experience of shepherds in Yamal has little use in the Krasnodar region. Therefore, only local cultural areas were formed, among which ideas and technologies spread only slightly.
This is not to say that Africa was doomed to backwardness – it just developed at a different pace from Europe, which is completely normal. Sometime later, Africans would have encountered social forms and technologies similar to those of Europeans and Asians, but their development here was interrupted first by the Arabs (in the north) and then by the European invasion. A long black line began in African history.
The colonists were not interested in the development of the continent. They simply give up their resources – raw materials and the people who have to develop their economy. Large areas were closed, many of which do not survive but survive, hidden in the most remote areas, where it was impossible to reflect on the development of culture, just what was needed to survive and preserve freedom .
In the 1960s, African states gained independence. However, they are not best inherited in a benign manner. The population was practically illiterate, as the colonists did not participate in training. Social structures were destroyed because the colonists were only interested in exploiting the resources for which the entire management system was established. The boundaries of the new states were arbitrarily drawn, often to facilitate governance or to divide single ethnic groups into classes – according to the principle of ‘secession and governance’. At the same time, there was no such political culture – no party, no change, no election, no free discussion in these countries. Everything had to start from scratch, often in situations of hunger and military conflict.
Many countries turned to the USSR for help, which at the time actively supported liberation movements around the world. But then the logic of the Cold War began: America saw it as promoting communism and entering the conflict. Sometimes it was a direct invasion, sometimes a special campaign by the CIA, often dirty acts done by racists from the former colonial powers of South Africa or Europe. Somehow a series of coup, coup, contract killings began in Africa. He kills Patrice Lumumba, a charming Congolese who has wandered into hundreds of Congo’s cities and towns, met people on the streets and talked to them about building a new – united, peaceful country where everyone would be happy and someone Neither will be. Battle for tribal differences. He assassinated Burkina Faso president Thomas Sankra, who lived on a modest salary as an army captain, and transferred the president’s salary to the fund to help the orphans. He has built thousands of schools across the country, previously built hospitals, is severely corrupt, and has banned seven officials from hanging their portraits in their offices, saying there are seven million such rites in the country, so An officer should be told about this. So Africa again became a battleground – this time between the Western world and the socialist camp.
The problems of the Africans themselves disappear in the background, with the rulers supporting the theory: “He is clearly the son of a prostitute, but he is our son of a prostitute.” Corruption has become the norm, large debts have been spent on arms purchases (usually from creditor countries), conflicts have started between groups (ethnic and religious), often on the principle of ‘fighting against all’. Africa is most reminiscent of Europe in the Middle Ages. And this is not surprising, because the continent’s development was interrupted at one time and now it had to go into many parts, including